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The PAN was one of three such parties in Latin America, the other two being in Cuba (the Partido Independiente de Color, 1908-12) and Brazil (the Frente Negra Brasileira, 1931-38).
The PIC and FNB were both eventually outlawed by their respective national governments; the PAN, by contrast, was permitted to function freely but never succeeded in attracting significant electoral support.
Most of those Africans continued on to Argentina, but during the late 1700s and early 1800s some 20,000 disembarked in Montevideo and remained in Uruguay.
By 1800 the national population was an estimated 25 percent African and Afro-Uruguayan.
Relatively high educational achievement in Uruguay provided favorable conditions for an active black press, as well as for Afro-Uruguayan social and civic organizations more generally.
Afro-Uruguayan voters split their allegiances between those parties, with most favoring the Colorados.
In Brazil, Colombia, Panama, Peru, and other countries, Afro-Latin Americans organized to combat racism and discrimination.
The most important such group in Uruguay was Mundo Afro, founded in 1988.
A list from the 1830s of thirteen salas de nación in Montevideo shows six from West Africa, five from the Congo and Angola, and two from East Africa.
The salas bought or rented plots of land outside the city walls, on which they built headquarters to house their religious observances, meetings, and dances.